Culture is a process that underlies all lines of community life. Culture advancement means developing every element in the cultural ecosystem and other different ecosystems that affect it or are influenced by it.

SOCIETY is the owner and the driving force of culture. People have always established relationships in order to fulfill their personal, group, and community needs. Culture is born from the fulfillment of that need. Thus, when people’s needs change, so will the pattern of their relationship with their products and cultural practices.

The formulation of Cultural Advancement Law reflects on the living situation of the people which are always changing and developing over time. Therefore, culture is defined as “everything that people invent, sense, intend, and create.” Its stance is firm: culture originates from the human body, soul, mind, and character—all elements of human life. Accordingly, Cultural Advancement Law defines the national culture as “the whole process and outcome of interaction between cultures that thrive and grow across Indonesia.”

The words “process” and “outcome” laid out in the same sentence acknowledge the community development as the culture groundwork. Because it is bound by common needs, culture applies and is owned collectively. Culture is not attached to humans as individuals but as part of a community that is constantly changing.